Christian Ethics

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Christian Ethics

Post  jackie on Thu Jun 23, 2011 8:00 pm

Ethics is derived from the greek word ETHOS which means characters of acting.

3 KINDS OF ETHICS THAT MAN IS REVEALED

1.He is able to distinguised bet. good and evil right and wrong, moral and immoral.
2.He feels within himself and obligations to do what is good and to avoid what is evil.
3.He feels himself acountable for his actions expecting reward or punishment for them.

Ethics also defined as a science of the morality of human acts
Human Acts- as simply thise actions performed by man, knowigly and freely. They also called deliverately or intentional oluntary actions.

Morality- is the quality of human acts by which they are constituted as good,bad or indefferent that which is good is called moral, that which is bad called immoral, ahile in their indefferent amoral.

Two Ethical system
1. Theistical Approach- assumes that only matter exist and that man is responsible only to himself since there is no God who creates and rules the universe.

Atheistic theoris propose the following principles:
A. Matter is the only reality
B. Man is matter and does not have spiritual dimension.
C. Man is free and must exercise his freedom to promote the welfare of society.
D There is no life after death.
E. Man aountable onlyto the state.

2. Theistical Approach- begins with the assumption that God is the supreme lawgiver.

Theistic theories postulate the following truths:
A. God is the supreme creator and Lawgiver
B. Man is free and must use his freedom to prmote his personal and social interests along with his fellowmen.
C. Man has an immortal soul which cannot die.
D. Man is accountable for his actions, both good and evil

THE HUMAN ACTS
- Man no doubt is creative because he possesses tremendous bodily and Spirituan powers.Every minute of his life, he acts, transforming himself and the world around him.

ESSENTIAL ATTRIBUTES
1. It must be performed by a conscious agent who is aware of what he is doing and of its consequences. Children below the age of reason, the insane, the senile- are cosidered incapable of acting knowigly.
2. It must be performed by an agent who is acting freely, that is, by his own volition and powers. An action done under duress and against one's will is not entirely a free action.
3. It must be performed by an agent who decides willfully to perform the act. This willfulness is the resolve to perform an act here and now, or in some future time.

KINDS OF HUMAN ACTS
Elicited Acts-are those performed by the will and are not odily externalized.

1. Wish- is the tendency of will towards something, whether this be realizable or not. The object of wishing may include the imposible, or, that which is remotely possible, such as winning the sweaptakes.
2.Intention- is the tendency of the will towards something attainable but without necessarily committing oneself to attain it. such is our intention to study the lesson, to attend a party, or to spend a vacation in baguio.
3. Consent- is the acceptance of the will of those needed to carry out the intention. thus,a woman is said to show consent when she consciously attracts attention to herself.
4. Election- is the election of the will of those means effective enough to carry out the intention. A salesman shows elections when he opts to visit a client instead of just writing him a letter.
5.Use- is the command of the will to make use of those means elected to carry out the intention. It is this act of the will which moves the salesman to dress up and tke up a ride to see his client.
6. Fruition- is the enjoynment of the will derived from the attainment of the thing he had desired earlier.

Commanded Acts- are those done either by man's mental or bodily powers under the command of the will
Internal Actions- are conscious reasoning, recalling something,encouraging oneself,controlling aroused emotions and others.
External Action- actions are walking ,eating, dancing, laughing, listening, reading and others

MORAL DISTINCTIONS
1. Moral Actions- are those which are in confirmity with the norm of morality. They are good actions and are permissible. Working, studying, playing a debt, telling the truth,loving a friend-moral actions.
2. Immoral Actions- are those actions whichare not in conformity with the norm of morality. Refusing to help the needy, committing murder,adultery, stealing, telling lies-are immoral actions.
3. A Moral Actions-are those actions which stands nuetral in relation to the norm of morality. Thy are neither good nor badin themselves. But certain amoral actions may become goodor bad because of the circumstaces attendant to them. Playing basketball is an amoral act, but playing basketball when one is supposedto be attending a class is wrong. Playing basketball out of sense of duty to the team is good.

End of Act- is the natural termination of an activity
End of the doer- is the personal purpose intended by the erson performing by act.

Kinds of Act
End of the doer
1. proximate or remote end
-is the purpose which a doer wishes to accomplish immediately
-the purposewhich a doer wishes to accomplish in a series of acts.
2. ultimate and Intermidiate end
- in the purpose which is desired for eact own sake and ot because of somthing else.
-is the purpose which is desired as a means of obtaining another thing.

ACTION AND MOTIVATION
1. every agent that performs in actions acts for the sake of an end or purpose to be obtained.
2. Every agent acts toward and ultimate end.
3. Every agent has the power to move himself towards end which he finds suitable for him.

KINDS OF GOOD
1. Essential- are those that fits the natural needs of man.
Accidental- money,car,good name,power.
2. Real- is somethingwhich has an end intrinsic value apparent.
3. Perfective and non perfective good
- which contriutes to the integral perfectin of a person.
- external apperance or convinience of a person.


GOSPEL
4 Gospel Records Of the Gospel
1. matthew
2. mark
3. luke
4. john
DUTIES OF MEN TOWARD GOD
1. To trust God
2. To pray for His will
3. To seek first the kigdom of God
4. To attempt to be lie Him

ATTITUDE TOWARD THE LAW
Torah- law
found in pentateuch
mak.7:1-13;mt.5:17; lk.16:17

THE COMPARISON OF HIS TEACHING WITH THE LAW matt. 5:21-48
LAW JESUS' TEACHING
1. No murder v.21 No anger v.22
2. No adultery v. 27 No adulterous though v.28
3. Divorce for some indecency v31 No divorce
4. No flse oaths/promise No oaths promise
5. An eye for an Eye v.38 No retaliation
6. Love your neighbor v.43 love your enemies

What are the principles aout this Great commandments
1. Love for God comes first 1 jn.4:19
2. Jesus demands love which such exclusiveness that all other commandments are included on it.
3. The commandments typicall of the ethical emphasize of Jesus touch the inner life.
4. Religious and ethics are united
5. Jesus said that love and neighbor were for Him as broad as human need.
6. Jesus demonstrated in His own life supreme love for God and equal love for His neighbor.

3 Principles about sabbathday
1. The bind heavy burdens on the backs of people but will not so much as use a little finger to move them.
2. They do there deeds to be sin of man
3. They love the place of honor and feast.

CONDITION TO ENTERING INTO THE KINGDOM OF GOD
1.Repentance mark 1:15; matt. 4:17
emplies decieved change the reorientation of man and reversal of his values. then of his own loyalty and his own rigtheousness.
2. Child likeness mark 10:15;like 18:17; matt.18:3
the one man accept as a child of gift.
3. Obedience matthew 7:21
not after the glory of man but after the glory of God.preach the gospel which is the death,burried and ressurection of the Lord Jesus Christ.
4. Rigtheousness matthew 5:20
willing to the will of God.
5. sSingle minded devotion to the kingdom and the things of god.

QUALITIES THAT SHOULD CHARACTERIZE OF WAY OF LIVING LUKE 14
1.The way of humility v.11-18
exaltation-comes through humility
Real humility-involves forgetness of self
2. The way of forgiveness matt. 16:14-18
God's forgiveness is conditioned by our forgiveness of other matt. 6:14-15
LUKE 11:4-teache that no man can be rigth with God and wrong with his fellowmen
MARK 11:25-teaches us the forgiveness for others was be unlimited.
the act of forgiveness is incomplete without repentance fallowed by forgiveness and restoration.
3.The way of service matt.25:31-46
The truth into parable
1. the basis for the separation and the subsequent blessing or cursed was not what they believed their faithfulness to religious formalities or their standing in the community but their service to their fellowmen.
2. both does on the rigth and the left where we concious of the service they had rendered or failed to render.
3. the service rendered was in the area was the every need of common people.
4. Christ identified himself with those in need.



Last edited by jackie on Wed Oct 05, 2011 4:39 pm; edited 8 times in total

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Re: Christian Ethics

Post  jackie on Thu Jun 30, 2011 6:20 pm


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